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GARLIC Hvidløg Kina / Klasse 1
Since time immemorial, garlic recognized as a prized herb in almost all the cultures for its medicinal properties as well as culinary uses. This wonderful herbal plant, grown for its underground root or bulb, contains numerous health promoting phytonutrients that has proven benefits against coronary artery diseases, infections, and cancers.
The herb plant belongs to the family of Alliaceae, in the genus, Allium; and scientifically known as Allium sativum. It is believed to be originating in the mountainous Central Asian region, from where it spread all over the temperate and subtropical regions the world.
Allium sativum is a perennial herb but grown as an annual crop. The methods applied for its cultivation are similar to those of growing onions. The completely grown plant reaches about 50 to 60 cm in height and bears underground bulbous root containing about 8-20 bulb-lets known as cloves. The whole bulb itself encased within several layers of white or mauve-tinged, papery-thin coverings.
-Strong flavored, garlic cloves contain many unique phytonutrients, minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants that have proven health benefits. Total measured antioxidant strength (ORAC value) is 5346 µmol TE/100 g.
-Its bulbs contain organic thiosulfinate compounds such as diallyl disulfide, diallyl trisulfide and allyl propyl disulfide. Upon disruption of the bulb (while crushing, cutting, etc.), these compounds convert into allicin through an enzymatic reaction.
-Laboratory studies show that allicin reduces cholesterol production by inhibiting the HMG-CoA reductase enzyme within the liver cells.
-Allicin decreases blood vessel stiffness through the facilitation of nitric oxide (NO) release. Nitric oxide relaxes blood vessels and thereby, bring a reduction in the total blood pressure. Further, it blocks platelet clot formation and has fibrinolytic action inside the blood vessels. This function of allicin helps decrease the overall risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), peripheral vascular diseases (PVD), and stroke.
-Research studies also suggest that consumption of garlic associated with a possible decrease in the incidence of stomach cancer.
-Allicin and other essential volatile compounds also found to have antibacterial, antiviral, and anti-fungal activities.
-Garlic is an excellent source of minerals and vitamins that are essential for optimum health. The bulbs are one of the richest sources of potassium, iron, calcium, magnesium, manganese, zinc, and selenium. Selenium is a heart-healthy mineral and is an essential cofactor for antioxidant enzymes within the body. The human body uses manganese as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase. Iron is essential for red blood cell formation.
-It contains many flavonoid antioxidants like β – carotene, zeaxanthin, and vitamins like vitamin-C. Vitamin-C helps the body develop resistance against infectious agents and scavenge harmful, pro-inflammatory free radicals.
|Principle||Nutrient Value||Percentage of RDA|
|Total Fat||0.5 g||2%|
|Dietary Fiber||2.1 g||5.5%|
500 Gram, 1 Kg, 1.5 Kg, 2 Kg